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6. Peasant Entrepreneurship and Rural Poverty Reduction The Case of Model Farmers in Bure Woreda, West Gojjam Zone
Author: Abeje Berhanu and Ezana Amdework
FSS Monograph No. 8

The research focused on the entrepreneurial experiences of ‘model’ farmers in the context of the current agricultural extension package program and their contribution to rural poverty reduction efforts by taking Bure Zuria woreda as case study. The research assessed the immediate (direct) and contextual (indirect) factors accounting for the entrepreneurial success of peasants, as well as their impact on other farmers with the ultimate goal of understanding the linkage between peasant entrepreneurship and rural poverty reduction.
7. Climate Change and Rural Livelihoods in Northern Ethiopia: Impacts, Local Adaptation Strategies and Implications for Institutional Interventions
Author: Alebachew Adem
FSS Monograph No.7

Climate change is a key emerging threat to the lives and livelihoods of the rural poor in Ethiopia. Ethiopia’s response to climate change today will bear directly on the development prospects of a large part of the country’s rural areas and populations. This study was conducted in selected rural kebeles in Meket (North Wello Zone) and Raya Azebo districts (Debubawi Zone in Tigray). The study shows that female headed households, the landless and those with limited access to productive assets are among those who suffer disproportionately from the impacts of climate change because of their excessive reliance on natural resources while at the same time they have limited options to diversify into less climate-sensitive activities. Despite their vulnerability to climate change, rural women are also the unsung heroines. In Meket and Raya Azebo, women are observed struggling and strategizing to prevail amid deteriorating environmental conditions. In this regard, involving both women and men and their respective views in the climate adaptation process of planning and implementation is critical to ensure that the end solutions will actually benefit all members of the community.
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8. The Aräqe Dilemma: The Socioeconomics of Traditional Distilled Alcohol Production, Marketing, and Consumption in Ethiopia
Author: Author: Yeraswork Admassie and Ezana Amdework
FSS Monograph No.6

Aräqe, the subject of this study, is a ubiquitous feature of present day Ethiopian society – with the exception of the predominantly Muslim communities. Its production, marketing, and consumption are so widespread and so entrenched that the issue of illicitness is almost never raised. Throughout the fieldwork informing this study, its legality was not questioned even once – by ordinary folks, police officers and local administrators alike.
Aräqe is more than the alcoholic drink of choice for people living in rural and small towns of Ethiopia, and its popularity is on the rise even in the big towns and cities.
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9. Participation of Women in Politics and Public Decision Making in Ethiopia
Author: Meaza Ashenafi
FSS Monograph No.5

This monograph was originally produced as a Masters Thesis. It is based on the premise that women's independent organized activities, whether carried out at policy or community level, as well as women's formal political participation are both important and complementary. The question addressed in this research is what contributions have been made by women’s independent organized activities and formal political participation, towards enhancing the empowerment of women and ensuring their participation in governance. The study examines the roles played by women in public decision making arenas.

10. Development Interventions in Wollaita, 1960s-2000s: A Critical 1Review
Author: Author: Dessalegn Rahmato
FSS Monograph No.4

This study examines the development interventions in Wollaita during the last four and half decades from the point of view of three key determinants of poverty and destitution, namely, population dynamics and land shortage, urbanization and commercialization, and livelihood diversification. The study suggests that a considerable policy shift is needed to put these determinants at center stage and to accelerate the pace of development.

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