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Research Reports

1. Cost Sharing in Public Higher Education Institutions in Ethiopia with Special Emphasis on Addis Ababa and Adama Universities
Author: Wanna Leka & Desalegn Chalchisa
FSS Research Report No. 8

Ethiopia introduced in 2003 a cost-sharing mechanism by which students became responsible for covering their full costs of food and lodging plus a minimum of 15 percent of the total instructional costs for their university program. This research report by Wanna Leka and Desalegn Chalchisa who have long experiences in educational research in Ethiopia explored how the cost sharing scheme was implemented in Ethiopia’s higher educational institutions by taking the experiences of Addis Ababa and Adama Universities. The research report examined the extent to which the cost sharing scheme helped to enhance the quality of the teaching and learning environment and the capacity of public educational institutions in generating resources. The researchers used firsthand information by using primary data collected from the aforementioned universities. The publication makes several insights which could be inputs in policy discussions on the subject.
This research report will be of interest to scholars and students of education, education policy makers and practitioners.
2. Current Issues in Ethiopian Private Higher Education Institutions: Opportunities and Challenges
Author: Wossenu Yimam & Mulu Nega
FSS Research Report: No. 9

Since the liberalisation of the higher education sector in Ethiopia at the beginning of 2000s, several dozens of Private Higher Educational Institutions (PHEI) have been established. Today, the private sector plays an important role in the provision of higher education in Ethiopia. In this publication, Wossenu Yimam and Mulu Nega who have a long experience in educational research explored the role that PHEIs play in addressing the need for increased access to higher education; the impacts of government regulatory regimes on PHEIs and status of public-private partnership in higher education. The findings of the research report could serve as inputs to policy debates on the sector. As the researchers used first-hand information that they collected from 16 PHEI found in different parts of the country, the findings of the research report are well grounded.
This research report will be of interest to scholars and students of education, education policy makers and practitioners.
3. Economic Interactions of Pastoral Lowland and Highland Systems and Implications for Sustainable Livelihoods: A Case Study in Northeastern Ethiopia
Author: Workneh Negatu
FSS Research Report: No. 7

This study investigated the nature, scope and constraints to economic and market interactions of lowland and highland economic systems and the implications of the interactions for secure and sustainable livelihoods of pastoralists. These interactions have been in practice for a long time albeit in a fragmented and irregular manner due to various constraints, including poor transportation and road connections, and source-related conflicts among the Afar, Amhara, Argoba and Oromo communities. The research examined the impacts of such variables as education, wealth, gender and social relations on highland lowland interactions.
4. Micro- and Small Enterprises as Vehicles for Poverty Reduction, Employment Creation and Business Development: The Ethiopian Experience
Author: Tegegne Gebre-Egziabher and Meheret Ayenew
FSS Research Report: No. 6

In many countries, there is now a wide recognition of the contribution of micro- and small enterprises (MSEs) to economic growth. In a cross-section of both developed and emerging economies, the contribution of the MSE sector to total employment, entrepreneurship and innovation cannot be underestimated. For example, this sector generates about 6.2 percent of the aggregate employment in the United States, 22.3 percent in China, about 80 percent in India, 67 percent in Japan and about 70 percent in EU countries (Carter and Jones-Evans 2004). To further underscore the social and economic importance of micro- and small enterprises, one UN study indicated that the sector represented 99 percent of all enterprises and provided around 65 million jobs in EU countries (UNCTAD 2005).
[ Introduction ] [ TOC ]
5. Urban Food Insecurity and Coping Mechanisms A Case Study of Lideta Sub-city in Addis Ababa
Author: Yared Amare
FSS Research Report: No. 5

In 2009, FSS carried out a qualitative study of the state, causes and impact of household food insecurity, as well as their coping mechanisms, using the case of Lideta Sub-city in Addis Ababa. The study found that food consumption among the poor households that it covered had declined to very low levels over the last several years. The food consumption for an average individual amounted to one piece of bread per individual or even nothing for breakfast, half an injera with shiro of variable quality or some qollo for lunch and the same for dinner.
[ TOC ] [ Abstract ]

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