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The Aräqe Dilemma: The Socioeconomics of Traditional Distilled Alcohol Production, Marketing, and Consumption in Ethiopia
[ Abstract ] [ TOC ]
TOC


Table of Contents
 
 
 
Acknowledgements
v
List of Illustrations
vii
List of Tables
viii
List of Boxes
ix
List of Annexes
x
I.
Introduction
1
 
1.1
Background
1
 
1.2
Alcoholic Drinks: Origin, Classification and Nomenclature
2
 
1.3
Objectives
4
 
1.4
Method
5
 
1.5
Scope
10
II.
Brief Profile of the Study Areas
13
III.
Introduction and Spread of Aräqe
15
 
3.1
General Trends in the Amounts of Aräqe Produced, Marketed and Consumed
16
 
3.2
New Marketing Trends: Long-Distance Trade, Roadside Peddling, and Multiple Operations
17
IV.
Aräqé Production
19
 
4.1
The Process of Production
20
 
4.2
Significance of Aräqe Production
35
 
4.3
Impacts of Aräqe Production
40
V.
Aräqé Marketing
47
 
5.1
Wholesale Trade
47
 
5.2
Retail Trade
57
 
5.3
Significance of Aräqe Marketing
63
 
5.4
Impact of Aräqe Marketing
65
VI.
Aräqé Consumption
69
 
6.1
Current Patterns and Emerging Trends in Aräqe Consumption
69
 
6.2
Impacts of Aräqe ConsumptionDirect Economic Impacts
77
 
6.3

 Direct Economic Impacts

86
 
6.4
Indirect and Opportunity Costs of Aräqe Consumption
88
 
6.5
The Cumulative Impact of Aräqe Consumption on Society
 
89
VII
Local and National Measures for Regulating Alcohol
91
 
7.1
Local-Level Counter-Measures
91
 
7.2
Developments in the Policy and Institutional Environment for the Regulation of Alcohol
92
VIII.
Conclusions and Recommendations
99
 
8.1
Synoptic Balance Sheet of the Pros and Cons
99
 
8.2
The Way Forward
101
Annexes
107
References
119