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Climate Change and Rural Livelihoods in Northern Ethiopia: Impacts, Local Adaptation Strategies and Implications for Institutional Interventions
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TOC
Table of contents
 
 
 
List of Tables Figures, Plates and Boxes
iv
 
Abbreviations and Acronyms
viii
 
About the Author
x
 
Acknowledgements
xi
 
Executive Summary
xii
1.
Introduction
1
 
1.1. Background 
1
 
2
 
1.3. Objectives of the study
4
 
      1.3.1. General objective
4
 
      1.3.2. Specific objectives
4
 
1.4. Justification and significance of the study
5
 
1.5. Research methodology
6
 
        1.5.1. Study sites
6
 
        1.5.2. Data sources and sampling
7
 
        1.5.3. Data analysis and presentation
9
 
1.6. Scope and limitations of the study
 
9
2.
Profile of the Study Area
11
 
11
 
2.2. Profile of Meket Wereda
13
 
2.3. Profile of Raya Azebo Wereda
 
15
3.
Literature Review
19
 
19
 
20
 
25
 
3.2. Theoretical and conceptual framework
32
 
     3.2.1. Indicators of vulnerability and adaptive capacity
32
 
34
 
     3.2.3. The gender approach
35
 
     3.2.4. Sustainable livelihood approach to climate
               change adaptation
37
 
     3.2.5. Ecosystem-based approach to adaptation
38
 
 
40
4.
Results and Discussions
43
 
4.1. Respondents and household characteristics
43
 
 51
 
4.3. Perceptions of climate variability and change
53
 
57
 
57
 
     4.4.2. Gendered impacts 
70
 
73
 
75
 
76
 
80
 
85
 
88
 
91
 
     4.5.4. Adaptive responses by livelihood groups                              
94
 
95
 
97
 
98
 
100
 
 4.6.4. Vulnerability to climatic and non-climatic risks
103
 
     4 .6.5. Coping strategies of female headed households
105
 
105
 
105
 
133
 
     4.7.3. Determinants to climate change adaptation and local   barriers
139
 
    4.7.4. Suggested strategies for responding to climate change
143
 
 
144
5.
147
 
147
 
150
 
151
 
 
References
 
159