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Environment and Environmental change in Ethiopia
[ TOC ]
TOC
Table of Content

 
CONTENT
ii
 
ACCRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
iii
I.
INTRODUCTION
1
II.
ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION DEFINED
2
III
HISTORICAL ASPECTS
2
IV
BASIC CAUSES OF ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION IN ETHIOPIA
3
A.
Proximate causes
4
 
1. Cultivation on steep slopes and marginal lands
4
 
2. Loss of vegetation cover
5
B.
Underlying causes
5
 
1. Population pressure
5
 
2. Poverty
6
 
3. Insecurity of land/tree tenure
7
V.
MAJOR CONSEQUENCES OF ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION IN ETHIOPIA
7
 
A. Loss of soil fertility
7
 
B. Food insecurity
8
 
C. Displacement of people
8
 
D Diminishing availability of forest and non-wood forest products
9
 
E. Enhanced loss of biodiversity
9
VI.
CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES
10
VII.
CONCLUSIONS
11
VIII.
REFERENCES
12