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Ethiopian Labour Migration to the Gulf and South Africa

Migration is an age -old phenomenon. War, Economic deprivation, and environmental degradation are some of the major reasons for international migration.. Presently, there is unprecedented rise in the rate of international migration due to prevailing insecurity in several hotspots around the world and improvements in means of transportation and communication. Ethiopia, as part of the world, is not spared from this trend. In recent decades, labour migration has emerged as one of the major features of Ethiopian international migration, since the 1990s, the oil rich Gulf countries and South Africa, as examined in this monograph, have emerged as major destinations for Ethiopian ‘ migrant workers’. Labour Migration from Ethiopia has both positive and negative consequences. On the one hand, it creates economic opportunities for tens of thousands of people, generates substantial sum of remittance and significant economic benefits for families at home. On the other hand, it leads to the ill-treatment and violations of the human rights of the migrants both in the transit as well as host countries.

This monograph, by using empirical data, examines the state of Ethiopian labour migration to the gulf and South Africa and makes Policy recommendations.